Are you a Project Manager who has a team of people to manage? This is the place for you. We will go over eight models of team effectiveness, their key points and how to apply them correctly. Team effectiveness definition
Let’s first define team effectiveness. It is the ability of a group of people with complementary skills to work together to achieve goals set by an authority, members or team leaders. What separates a team and a group? The interdependency of its members. Groups are often composed of individuals who coordinate their activities. Team members are committed to achieving shared goals.
Google spent over a year researching the Aristotle Project in an effort to understand the team’s strengths and weaknesses. They found that the five conditions for team effectiveness described by Hackman are similar to what they discovered:Real Team – A stable team membership over time
Compelling Direction – Well defined goals
Enabling Structure – A positive dynamic
Social Support – Proper collaboration system
Coaching – Coaching is a way to get help from a coach
These were just a few of the key productivity factors they found: structure and clarity, dependability, personal meaning, and team members feeling like they have an impact. Psychological safety is the most important. Types of Teams Cheat sheet
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Let’s take a look at the most relevant models so far. You might also recognize the Hackman model that you could apply to your team.
Hackman identified five conditions that increase the likelihood of a team being successful. We have already gone through them. Hackman also identified three characteristics that make successful groups: satisfaction of both internal and external customers
Develop capabilities to perform in future
Find meaning and satisfaction in the group
The Rubin, Plovnick and Fry’s GRPI Model
It was introduced in 1970s and its name says it all: Goals – clearly defined objectives
Roles and Responsibilities – Everyone needs to know exactly what their job entails
They need to be able to perform processes and procedures
Interpersonal relationships/contracting – the ground rules of communication
These elements should be followed from the top when forming a new team. It is important that the team’s goals and objectives are clearly communicated. If you have been working with the team for some time and run into a problem, it is important to analyze the situation from the bottom. The Katzenbach and Smith model
It’s all about the triangle, whose points are the team’s goals: collective products and achievements
Performance results
Personal growth
These are the necessary factors to achieve these goals. The sides of the triangle represent commitment – teams must have a purpose in order to be committed
Skills – Team members must have the ability to achieve the goals.
Accountability is good for the whole team.
The T7 model
It identifies seven elements of team effectiveness. Five internal:Thrust – a shared goal
Trust
Talent
Teaming – The ability to act in a group.
Task skills
Two external: Team leader fit
Support for the team from the organization
The LaFasto-Larson model
This model identifies five components that make a team effective:Team member – selecting the right people
Good collaboration is key to team relationships